Ingaruka za RF passiyo yibikoresho kubitumanaho bidafite umugozi

Mu myaka yashize, hagamijwe kuzigama ibiciro no kugabanya kwigana ubwubatsi, sisitemu nyinshi zo gukwirakwiza mu nzu zafashe icyitegererezo cya sisitemu ihuriweho na benshi isangira icyumba nizindi sisitemu.Ibi bivuze ko sisitemu nyinshi hamwe nibimenyetso byinshi byahujwe murwego rusanzwe rwo guhuriza hamwe hamwe na sisitemu yo kugabura mu nzu kugirango igere kuri bande, sisitemu nyinshi, inzira imwe, cyangwa inzira ebyiri.

Inyungu ni ukugabanya kwigana ibikorwa remezo no kubika umwanya.Ariko, ibibazo biterwa na sisitemu yo gukwirakwiza mu nzu bigenda bigaragara cyane.Kubana na sisitemu nyinshi byanze bikunze bitangiza interineti.By'umwihariko, imirongo ikora ya bande irasa, kandi intera intera ni nto, ibyuka bihumanya hamwe na PIM hagati ya sisitemu zitandukanye nabyo bigira ingaruka.

Muri iki kibazo, igikoresho cyiza cyiza gishobora kugabanya ingaruka zuku kwivanga.Igikoresho kidafite ubuziranenge bwa RF ubwacyo nacyo kizaganisha ku kugabanuka kw'ibipimo bimwe na bimwe by'urusobe, kandi ibikoresho byo mu rwego rwo hejuru bizagira ingaruka nziza ku bwiza bw'urusobe, kugira ngo bibuze ko habaho imyuka ihumanya ikirere, kwivanga, no kwigunga.

Ubwoko bwingenzi bwo kwivanga mumiyoboro idafite umugozi bigabanijwemo sisitemu yo kwivanga no guhuza sisitemu.Kwivanga muri sisitemu bivuga inzira ya bande yohereza, igwa mubikorwa bya sisitemu ubwayo yatewe na bande yakira.Kwivanga hagati ya sisitemu ni imyuka ihumanya ikirere, iyakirwa ryihariye, hamwe na PIM.

Ukurikije urusobe rusanzwe hamwe nuburyo bwo kugerageza, ibikoresho bya pasiporo nibintu byingenzi bigira ingaruka kumurongo rusange.

Ibintu byingenzi byo gukora ikintu cyiza kirimo:

1. Kwigunga

Kwigunga nabi bizatera intambamyi hagati ya sisitemu, gutwara inzererezi hamwe na PIM-itwara abantu benshi, hanyuma ikabangamira ibimenyetso byanyuma.

2. VSWR

Mugihe VSWR yibigize pasiporo ari nini cyane, ibimenyetso byerekanwe biba binini, mugihe gikabije sitasiyo fatizo izaburirwa kwangirika kubintu bya RF hamwe na amplifier.

3. Kwangwa hanze ya bande

Kwanga nabi-kwangwa bizongera intera-sisitemu, ariko ubushobozi bwiza bwo kubuza abantu, hamwe no gutandukanya icyambu bizafasha kugabanya kwivanga hagati ya sisitemu.

4. PIM - Intermodulation ya pasiporo

Ibicuruzwa binini bya PIM bigwa mumurongo wo hejuru bizatera kwangirika kwimikorere yabakiriye.

5. Ubushobozi bw'imbaraga

Kubireba ibintu byinshi-bitwara ibintu, ingufu nyinshi zisohoka, hamwe nikimenyetso kinini cyo hejuru, ubushobozi budahagije buzaganisha kuri sisitemu yo hejuru.Ibi bitera ubwiza bwurusobe kugabanuka cyane, ari nako bitera arcing nuburyo bwumuriro.Mubihe bikomeye, birashoboka kumena cyangwa gutwika ibikoresho, bigatuma umuyoboro wibanze usenyuka.

6. Uburyo bwo gutunganya ibikoresho nibikoresho

Ibikoresho no gutunganya ntibifunze, biganisha kumurongo wibikoresho byangirika, mugihe ibikoresho biramba hamwe nibidukikije bigabanuka cyane.

Usibye ibintu by'ingenzi byavuzwe haruguru, hari ibintu rusange bikurikira:

1. Gutakaza

Gutsindira kwinjiza-guteranya bituma ibimenyetso bitakaza imbaraga nyinshi kumurongo bigira ingaruka kubikwirakwizwa, mugihe kongera sitasiyo itaziguye bizana intambamyi nshya, kandi gusa bizamura ingufu za sitasiyo yoherejwe ntabwo byangiza ibidukikije, kandi birenze umurongo wa amplifier umurongo ukora neza. mugihe ibimenyetso bya transmitter ubuziranenge bizagenda byangirika, bizagira ingaruka kubitekerezo byateganijwe byo kugabura mu nzu.

2. Guhindagurika kwa bande

Imihindagurikire nini izaganisha ku kimenyetso kibi cya in-bande, mugihe hari abatwara ibintu byinshi bazitwikira ingaruka, kandi bikagira ingaruka kubikorwa biteganijwe kugabanywa murugo.

Kubwibyo, ibice bya pasiporo bigira uruhare runini mukubaka ae itumanaho rya sitasiyo.

Jingxin yibanzeGuhindura ibicebikenewe kubakiriya, haba mubisuzuma ryambere, inama zigihe giciriritse, cyangwa ibicuruzwa bitinze, twubahiriza ubuziranenge, kugirango dutange serivisi kubakiriya kwisi.

RF passive components


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ukwakira-13-2021