Ingaruka za RF passiyo yibikoresho kuri itumanaho ridafite umugozi

Mu myaka yashize, hagamijwe kuzigama ibiciro no kugabanya kwigana ubwubatsi, sisitemu nyinshi zo gukwirakwiza mu nzu zafashe uburyo bwa sisitemu ihuriweho na benshi isangira icyumba nizindi sisitemu. Ibi bivuze ko sisitemu nyinshi hamwe nibimenyetso byinshi byahujwe murwego rusanzwe rwo guhuriza hamwe hamwe na sisitemu yo gukwirakwiza murugo kugirango igere kuri bande nyinshi, sisitemu nyinshi, inzira imwe cyangwa inzira ebyiri.

Inyungu ni ukugabanya kwigana ibikorwa remezo no kubika umwanya. Ariko, ibibazo biterwa nuburyo bwo gukwirakwiza mu nzu bigenda bigaragara cyane. Kubana na sisitemu nyinshi byanze bikunze bitangiza interineti. By'umwihariko, imikorere yumurongo wa bande irasa, kandi intera intera ni nto, imyuka ihumanya na PIM hagati ya sisitemu zitandukanye nazo ziragerwaho.

Muri iki kibazo, igikoresho cyiza cyiza gishobora kugabanya ingaruka zuku kwivanga. Igikoresho kidafite ubuziranenge bwa RF ubwacyo nacyo kizatuma kugabanuka kw'ibipimo bimwe na bimwe by'urusobe, kandi ibikoresho byo mu rwego rwo hejuru bizagira ingaruka nziza ku bwiza bw'urusobe, kugira ngo bibuze ko habaho imyuka ihumanya ikirere, kwivanga no kwigunga.

Ubwoko bwingenzi bwo kwivanga mumiyoboro idafite umugozi bigabanijwe muri sisitemu yo kwivanga no guhuza sisitemu. Kwivanga muri sisitemu bivuga inzira yo kohereza, igwa mu kwivanga kwa sisitemu ubwayo yatewe na bande yakira. Kwivanga hagati ya sisitemu ni imyuka ihumanya ikirere, iyakirwa ryakira hamwe na PIM.

Ukurikije urusobe rusanzwe hamwe nuburyo bwo kugerageza, ibikoresho bya pasiporo nibintu byingenzi bigira ingaruka kumiyoboro rusange.

Impamvu zingenzi zo gukora ikintu cyiza cya pasiporo zirimo:

1. Kwigunga

Kwigunga nabi bizatera kwivanga hagati ya sisitemu, kuyobora inzira zayobye hamwe n’abatwara ibintu byinshi PIM, hanyuma bikabangamira ibimenyetso byanyuma.

2. VSWR

Mugihe VSWR yibigize pasiporo ari nini cyane, ibimenyetso byerekanwe biba binini, mugihe gikabije sitasiyo fatizo izamenyeshwa ibyangiritse bya RF hamwe na amplifier.

3. Kwangwa hanze ya bande

Kwanga nabi hanze ya bande bizongera interineti yivanga, ubushobozi bwiza bwo kubuza ubushobozi no guhagarika icyambu cyiza bizafasha kugabanya kwivanga hagati ya sisitemu.

4. PIM - Intermodulation ya pasiporo

Ibicuruzwa binini bya PIM bigwa mumurongo wo hejuru bizatera kwangirika kwimikorere yabakiriye.

5. Ubushobozi bw'imbaraga

Kubireba abatwara ibintu byinshi, ingufu nyinshi zisohoka hamwe nikimenyetso kinini cyo hejuru, ubushobozi budahagije buzaganisha kuri sisitemu yo hejuru. Ibi bitera ubwiza bwurusobe kugabanuka cyane, ari nako bitera arcing nubuzima bwumuriro. Mugihe gikomeye, birashoboka kumena cyangwa gutwika ibikoresho, bigatuma umuyoboro wibanze uhagarara.

6. Uburyo bwo gutunganya ibikoresho nibikoresho

Ibikorwa no gutunganya ntabwo bifunze, biganisha ku buryo bugaragara imikorere yimikorere yibikoresho, mugihe ibikoresho biramba hamwe nibidukikije bigabanuka cyane.

Usibye ibintu byingenzi byavuzwe haruguru, hari ibintu rusange nkibi bikurikira:

1.Igihombo

Gutakaza igiteranyo kirenze guterana bituma ibimenyetso bitakaza ingufu nyinshi kumurongo bigira ingaruka kubikwirakwizwa, mugihe kongera sitasiyo itaziguye bizana intambamyi nshya, kandi gusa kunoza ingufu za sitasiyo yoherejwe ntabwo byangiza ibidukikije, kandi birenze umurongo wa amplifier umurongo mwiza wo gukora mugihe ibimenyetso byerekana kohereza ubuziranenge bizagenda byangirika, bizagira ingaruka kumyumvire iteganijwe yo kugabura imbere.

2.Imihindagurikire ya bande

Imihindagurikire nini izaganisha ku kuringaniza bubi bwa in-band, mugihe hari abatwara ibintu byinshi bizatanga ingaruka, kandi bikagira ingaruka kubikorwa byateganijwe byo kugabura mu nzu.

Kubwibyo, ibice bya pasiporo bigira uruhare runini mukubaka imiyoboro y'itumanaho.

Jingxin yibanze Guhindura ibice bikenewe kubakiriya, haba uhereye kubisuzuma ryambere, inama zigihe giciriritse cyangwa ibicuruzwa bitinze, twubahiriza ubuziranenge mbere, kugirango dutange serivisi kubakiriya kwisi.

RF passive components


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ukwakira-13-2021